Ask an Alaskan if tethering one’s husky is cruel? They will laugh, but of course they know how to tether a dog properly. But see, here is a breed-appropriate situation; huskies do well in winter, but will need shade in summer. A doberman will do fine outdoors in summer but will also need shade and accommodations for warmth in the extreme cold of winter.
I’ve seen cruelty to dogs in many forms; dogs tied up on twisted leads too small, dogs housed in outdoor breeding creates, dogs housed in small chain link runs, dogs “crated” (that’s being locked in a small cage) in the home for many hours. All these forms of confinement are in my opinion abusive.
Susan Stone Salas